The team here at Sheridan Lifts thought we would dedicate today’s blog to the brushing up a little of the history behind lifts. After all, if there was no such thing as a lift there would be no Sheridan Lifts Ltd.
The very first recorded report of a lift was cited back in1st century BC by a Roman architect and engineer named Marcus Vitruvius Polio. His account narrated that Archimedes built a lift somewhere around the time of 236 BC. At the time lifts were described as cabs on hemp ropes that were hoisted up either by hand or animals.
In 1000 the book of secrets by Al-Muradi in Islamic Spain told the tale of an elevator-like lifting device that was used to raise a large battering ram to destroy fortresses. Now heading on over to the 17th century, and a little closer to home, prototypes of the lift were found in palace buildings in France and England. Medieval and ancient lifts used drive systems based on hoists or winders. The invention of a system based on a screw-drive, was the most substantial step towards the modernisation of the lifts we see today.
In 19th century London two architects, Burton and Hormer, designed an ‘ascending room’ as a tourist attraction to elevate paying customers to a panoramic view of the city, shortly after New Yorker Henry Waterman was accredited with inventing the ‘standing rope control’ for the lift. And in 1852, another American who went by the name of Elisha Otis, pioneered in lift engineering when he created the first ‘safety elevator’, which prevented the fall of a cab if the cable broke. This design is still to some extent similar to the lift design that is still in use today.
In 1880 German engineer Werner von Siemens invented the first electric elevator; this was closely followed by the enhancement of electric elevators by Frank Sprague who added floor control, acceleration control of cars, & automatic lifts. Thus, producing the first fast moving lifts, and in 1887, American Inventor Alexander Miles patented an elevator with automatic doors that would close off the elevator shaft, which is the very patent that is used in the production of today’s lifts.
If you’re looking for lift engineers to service, maintain or repair your lift then call us free on 08000 11 33 77.