Lifts have become standard features in almost all high-rise buildings across the world because they offer a convenient and effective way of transporting people and goods within such buildings. As such, elevators generally vary in terms of size and design depending on their intended purpose. The different types of lifts include:
Modern passenger lifts can be used in both residential and commercial buildings. As such, they can be customized to match a building’s interior design since they come with varying floor, ceiling, and wall finishes/materials. Each lift brand also has its own unique features to make it stand out from the rest. Other than brand logo differences, passenger lifts operate more or less the same with a panel of buttons on the inside that can be used to select a specific function such as selecting a destination.
Unlike passenger lifts, service lifts are used to carry heavy objects in and out of buildings. Without these lifts, heavy objects would have to be carried in/out via passenger lifts, thereby inconveniencing and disrupting the flow of normal foot traffic. Nevertheless, service lifts tend to be common in old buildings. You may even come across buildings with so-called dumbwaiters, which are much smaller service lifts used to carry lighter goods such as office stationery.
Goods or Goods cum Passenger Lifts
Modern residential and commercial buildings usually have separate goods or goods cum passenger lifts. The passenger cum goods lifts are typically installed in buildings where there is not enough space for a separate service/goods and passenger lift as well. However, the compliance standards for these lifts normally vary depending on local zoning laws and building regulations.
Bespoke lifts are specifically designed to suit a unique need. As such, they are arguably the most challenging to design because they require a higher degree of development and installation expertise. Bespoke lifts are mostly installed in private or luxury buildings to provide the inhabitants with an unparalleled level of utility and convenience. Of course, this means they are typically expensive to acquire.
High Speed Lifts
These lifts differ from the others in one major aspect, speed. In fact, they are designed to move much faster than conventional lifts. This operational aspect means they are particularly suitable for modern skyscrapers where traditional lifts would take too long to get to their destination. To ensure they do not malfunction, high-speed lifts are normally subject to more stringent safety regulations than conventional lifts.
Observation lifts are built to give passengers a better view of a specific area. As such, they typically have transparent walls. In addition, observation lifts travel at a much slower pace than standard lifts to give passengers ample time to enjoy the view. In the US, these elevators can be found in buildings or structures with some sort of historical significance.
Since elevators are generally designed to perform different functions, they vary in terms of speed, size and design. The different types of lifts include bespoke, high speed, passenger, service, observation and goods or goods cum passenger lifts.